Trade rules loopholes affecting Pacific states
There are loopholes in the World Trade Organisation (W.T.O.) rules that affect the exports of its Pacific member countries including Samoa, says Pacific Islands Forum Permanent Representative to the W.T.O., Merewalesi Falemaka.
Ms. Falemaka, who is based in Geneva, is one of the facilitators of a two week W.T.O. regional trade policy training currently held at the Taumeasina Island Resort.
“There are certain rules we want to change, this is why we are negotiating in the W.T.O. to make sure it provides flexibility for developing countries like ourselves that face the added challenges like isolation, high transportation cost, smaller population size and high wage cost,” Ms. Falemaka said.
“So the overall cost of production in our region is much higher compared to other regions and so what we are trying to seek in the W.T.O. is to ensure flexibility that the rules of the W.T.O. will enable us to expand our capacity to produce goods that we can export.”
She told the Business team that despite these loopholes, its small island members have always benefited under the trading rules.
“The Pacific Islands have always benefited because on our own we cannot negotiate with our larger trading partners on the decisions they make on trading policy. So it provides protection for us small trading countries.”
Ms. Falemaka said W.T.O. rules enable its members in the Pacific to deal with challenges such as geography in a multilateral platform.
“The W.T.O. rules provide us with more transparency in terms of the trade policies that affect our exports.
“And also the predictability because W.T.O. is legally binding the 164 members, so members cannot just simply stand up and introduce new rules they want. There are procedures if they wish to change or impose certain trade measures that affect the exports of other members.
“So for us, as small island countries, we don’t really have the economic governing strength to influence the decisions of major trading partners, the W.T.O. rules provide us with that stability and predictability to deal with our trading partners.”
Ms. Falemaka added the Pacific over the recent years has become much more visible with the Pacific grouping in the W.T.O.
“The groupings are much more common in the W.T.O. if you want to push positions. That (Pacific grouping) has now been established formally in the W.T.O. This allows the six-member Pacific countries to share common positions on issues that are under negotiations in the W.T.O., for example the fisheries subsidies.”