WASHINGTON (AP) — Republicans on the Senate Judiciary Committee on Tuesday ruled out any hearing for President Barack Obama's nominee to the Supreme Court, insisting that the choice rests with the president's successor.
"Because our decision is based on constitutional principle and born of a necessity to protect the will of the American people, this committee will not hold hearings on any Supreme Court nominee until after our next president is sworn in on January 20, 2017," they said in a letter to Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.
"I agree with the Judiciary Committee's recommendation to not have hearings. In short, there will not be action taken," McConnell told reporters.
Even the most divisive nominees for the high court have received a hearing before the Judiciary Committee, and the election-year decision to deny such a session is a sharp break with the Senate's traditional "advise and consent" role. A committee review and a hearing is the first step in the process.
Antonin Scalia's Feb. 13 death ignited a major fight in Washington over whether Obama should be able to replace him in a presidential election year. He had been dead only for a few hours when McConnell announced that he would oppose replacing him before the election.
Obama is expected to announce a nomination in the next few weeks.
The Republicans' action is certain to have repercussions, not only in the presidential race but in congressional contests where vulnerable Senate incumbents in Illinois, Wisconsin, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New Hampshire face tough Democratic challengers. At least one of those senators, Republican Mark Kirk of Illinois, has suggested holding hearings.
But Republican members of the committee met with McConnell and emerged with a simple message: "No hearing, no vote," said Sen. Lindsey Graham.
Confirmation hearings for a Supreme Court nominee are the most high-profile in the Senate, and any session is certain to be a spectacle. Among the members of the panel is Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz, and the Texas senator has vowed to block any nominee.
White House spokesman Josh Earnest said it was "absolutely" still possible the Senate would hold hearings, pointing to a handful of Republicans who he said had expressed a willingness, including Kirk, Susan Collins of Maine, Dan Coats of Indiana and Roy Blunt of Missouri.
Earnest said Obama has spoken to Republican lawmakers, including some on the committee, in recent days.
Republicans pointed to a 1992 speech by Vice President Joe Biden, then the chairman of the Judiciary Committee, in which he said that in a presidential election year the Senate should "not consider holding hearings until after the election." As it turned out, there was no opening on the court that year.
Also Tuesday, Justice Samuel Alito said the court will find a way to get its work done with eight members. He told a Georgetown University law school audience that the court has functioned with an even number of justices before, noting that the Constitution does not set the court's size.
The court could divide 4-4 in some of the term's big cases involving abortion, labor unions and immigration. A tie vote would leave the lower court ruling in place and prevent the Supreme Court from resolving the issues for the whole country.